Matthías Þórðarson 1920-1945

In the period 1920-1945 Matthías Þórðarson, general director of the National Museum of Iceland, undertook an extensive study of Þingvellir. He wrote a number of papers and published a book on his findings, together with a map of the parliamentary site and booths.

In an excavation which took place in 1920, he excavated Þorleifshaugur (Þorleifur's Barrow) in connection with an extensive study of the assembly site. According to oral tradition, it was the burial place of Þorleifur jarlaskáld (Þorleifur Poet of Earls), who was slain at Þingvellir and buried "north of the Law Council".

Matthías Þórðarson concluded that the contents of the barrow had been disturbed - hence it had been dug up before. The barrow appeared to be a manmade structure of considerable age. It contained a large amount of rock. He found slight traces of ash and charcoal.

Safe travel in Iceland
Travellers should prepare well for each trip and know its trail and route conditions.
The THING Project
The THING Project is based on the Thing sites that are the assembly sites spread across North West Europe as a result of the Viking diaspora and Norse settlements.
World heritage
Thingvellir was accepted on the World Heritage list for its cultural values in 2004 at World Heritage Committee meeting in China.
Protection and management
Thingvellir National Park was designated by a special law on the protection of the area, passed by the Alþing on 7th May, 1928.